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The Description of Wind Tunnel, Their Uses and the Different Types

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An Introduction to the Importance of the Equality Between Men and Women and the Importance of Womens - May 05,  · Wind tunnels can be designated by the type of fluid that is used in the tunnel. For most low speed aircraft wind tunnel testing, air is moved through the tunnel. To visualize shock waves for high speed aircraft, or to study the flow around submarines or boats, water is used as the working fluid. Wind tunnel, device for producing a controlled stream of air in order to study the effects of movement through air or resistance to moving air on models of aircraft and other machines and objects. Wind tunnel types description: open vs closed type. Open loop tunnels. The open cycle tunnels in the front are generally composed of a mouth and a duct with a constant section (usually with a section or circular or rectangular) where some devices are placed to control the quality of the incoming flow. Research paper on diabetes

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Essay On My Father My Role Model - Wind tunnel is a large tube with air moving inside which is used to copy the actions of an object in flight. In wind tunnel air moves around an object, so the object seems like really flying. Although the form of a wind tunnel can vary, all wind tunnels have a high pressure system, heater, settling chamber and a . Aug 16,  · One to blow wind onto the object and another to move air out of the tunnel. That way there is no return flow that could damage the data being collected. Wind tunnels can be a small as a coffee table or as large as a warehouse. They often have several different settings to test objects or recalibrate wind gauges in different wind speeds. Jun 06,  · There are many types of wind tunnels for all sorts of different purposes. These tunnels are categorized by their characteristics, such as the wind speed they generate in the test section. Subsonic wind tunnels test objects with airflows of less than mph ( kph).Author: Nathan Chandler. PCB 4673 About Thesis Papers and

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united nations human development index 2015 report - Wind tunnels can be designated by the type of fluid that is used in the tunnel. For most low speed aircraft wind tunnel testing, air is moved through the tunnel. To visualize shock waves for high speed aircraft, or to study the flow around submarines or boats, water is used as the working fluid. Description The main particularity of the ULg wind tunnel is its multi-disciplinarity feature: different types of applications, spanning from aeronautic systems (aircrafts, UAV’s, wind turbines) to wind engineering applications (civil engineering structures, . Six component force tests In these tests a model is mounted near the center of the test section and aerodynamic forces and moments are measured at various combinations of pitch and yaw angles at a constant airspeed. These tests use the KWT six-component external balance located beneath the test section (Figures 1 and 8). An Analysis of the Perks of Being a Wallflower by Stephen Chbosky

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An Introduction to the Reasons and the Result of the French Revolution - Wind tunnels are large tubes with air moving inside. Next, different types of wind tunnels and applications of wind-tunnel testing are discussed. As a special type of wind tunnel, the atmospheric boundary layer wind tunnel is described. Further lectures focus on the different wind-tunnel components, on measurements and flow visualization, on similarity and flow quality and on important best. Types of wind tunnels. Wind tunnels can be classified using four different criteria. Type I classification - Open vs closed circuit wind tunnel. In open-circuit (open-return) wind tunnel, the air is drawn directly from the surroundings into the wind tunnel and rejected back into the surroundings, the wind tunnel is said to have an open-air. An Analysis of the Character of the Pardoner in The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer

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Research paper on diabetes - Mar 02,  · Many studies on wind engineering require the use of different types of statistical analysis associated to the phenomenology of boundary layer flows. Reduced Scale Models (RSM) obtained in laboratory, for example, attempt to reproduce real atmosphere phenomena like wind loads on buildings and bridges and the transportation of gases and airborne. First, there are two main types of wind tunnels: closed-circuit and open-circuit. A closed-circuit wind tunnel is a very large and expensive type of wind tunnel. It gives engineers and scientists the greatest control over the flow of air, and produces the most efficient and precise results when models are tested. NASA has many different types of wind tunnels. They are located at NASA centers all around the country. The wind tunnels come in a lot of sizes. Some are only a few inches square, and some are large enough to test a full-size airplane. Some wind tunnels test aircraft at very slow speeds. But some wind tunnels are made to test at hypersonic speeds. articles about sex communication killers imdb

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A Movie Analysis of Dredd by Pete Travis - May 05,  · Wind tunnels are designed for a specific purpose and speed range. There is a wide variety of wind tunnel types and model instrumentation. The tunnel shown in the figure is a low-speed, closed tunnel which we are viewing from above. We can use this figure to study the various parts of a wind tunnel. 1 Wind tunnels are large tubes with air moving inside. The tunnels are used to copy the actions of an object in flight. Researchers use wind tunnels to learn more about how an aircraft will fly. NASA uses wind tunnels to test scale models of aircraft and spacecraft. Wind tunnels are large tubes with air blowing through them. The tunnels are used to replicate the actions of an object flying through the air or moving along the ground. Researchers use wind tunnels to learn more about how an aircraft will fly. NASA uses wind tunnels to . Im so scared?

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how scholarship help essay - Jul 17,  · The temperature in a closed loop wind tunnel can be controlled using a combination of heaters and heat exchangers. Air temperatures can be varied from sub-ambient to over o C. Figure 1 shows a schematic of a closed loop wind tunnel. In general, closed loop wind tunnels are made with the following sections: 1-Test section. 2-Settling chamber. different speeds. 9. You can use a marker on the acetate to draw the position of the string when the fan is off and at different speeds, and then use a protractor to measure the angles. Use a different sheet of acetate for each ball, or a different color marker on the same acetate. Investigate: Wind Tunnel Grades Aerodynamics. Definition of a wind tunnel A wind tunnel is a specially designed and protected space into which air is drawn, or blown, by mechanical means in order to ac hieve a specified speed and predetermined flow pattern at a given instant. Essay: Service Quality Concerns by

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social responsibility contacts progressive delivery we accept - Definition of wind tunnel: a tunnellike passage through which air is blown at a known velocity to investigate air flow around an object (such as an airplane part or model) placed in the passage Examples of wind tunnel in a Sentence. Nov 13,  · When a tunnel passes through different types of material it is known as mixed face construction. In bored tunneling, the excavation takes place at the portal or at a shaft, thus the is a minimum impact on usual traffic, air & noise quality, and utilities. Linings are the most important component of these kind of tunnels. For depths 10 m to 12 m. Engineers may use a wind tunnel to study and design a wing shape. The Wright Brothers developed the first wind tunnel to design the shape of the wing for their airplane. Wind tunnels can be used to study interference between parts of the aircraft or between an airplane and a bomb as it drops away. There are different types of wind tunnels: low. Resume Builder For Nurses

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manchester united vs roma 7-1 match report liverpool - Nov 11,  · The wind tunnel balances, comprised by several hardware and software components, provides directly the pursued measurements, with high accuracy and reliability. For these reasons, among others, wind tunnel balances have become a common tool in testing facilities. This chapter starts with a general description of wind tunnel balances. Visit our Facebook Page. The A2 (AeroAcoustic) wind tunnel is one of the main test facilities of the Engineering Fluid Dynamics (EFD) Group of the UT. It is also known as the 'silent' wind-tunnel because it walls has a special treatment meant to absorb practically all the noise produced by the air flow, which can reach up to km/ to that, the tunnel is suited for measuring. Wind tunnels offer an effective tool to rapidly obtain data associated with flow over scaled or full-scale models. Given their ubiquitous nature and utility, a wind-tunnel design project is a. a holocuast book report

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giant pool of money analysis report - Jan 13,  · Wind tunnel definition: A wind tunnel is a room or passage through which air can be made to flow at controlled | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples. May 23,  · Recirculating wind tunnels are the latest in vertical wind tunnel designs. Recirculating tunnels have been around for over 10 years, and are considered to be the standard in modern wind tunnel design. The idea is using an enclosed system, the moving air is passed through a course which includes a flight chamber, turning vanes, and engines. Tufts are similar to blades of grass moving in the wind, and many types of tuft installations will use a dye or luminescent coating that allows movement to be tracked in regular light. Oil: Oil is generally dyed and applied to the model prior to turning the wind on in the tunnel. homework debate pros and cons rental property

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nrc nuclear event report format - And the many applications of low-speed wind-tunnel testing which include the two topics of this MOOC, Sports and Building Aerodynamics. So a week on wind-tunnel testing is certainly an essential component in this MOOC. In the next module, we will focus on the different types of wind tunnels, the advantages and disadvantages of different types. Oct 05,  · Figure 3. Model of the Turbine’s Interaction with the Wind. The Power Curve. It is important to understand the relationship between power and wind speed to determine the required control type, optimization, or limitation. The power curve, a plot you can use for this purpose, specifies how much power you can extract from the incoming wind. Wind tunnel definition, a tubular chamber or structure in which a steady current of air can be maintained at a controlled velocity, equipped with devices for measuring and recording forces and moments on scale models of complete aircraft or of their parts or, sometimes, on full-scale aircraft or their parts. See more. plenty of fish about me examples

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100 essay zooming in save water xbox 360 - Apr 14,  · A series of wind tunnel tests were carried out to identify natural sources of dust and measure the magnitudes of dust emissions from different landforms. The method used in this study allowed the measurement of the PM10 emission rate using a laboratory based environmental boundary layer wind tunnel. Aug 08,  · Put into operation in , the GM Aerodynamic Laboratory is the largest wind tunnel in the world dedicated to automotive use (the only bigger tunnels are used by the aerospace industry). Jul 01,  · The wind tunnel is of the open-circuit type, and the working section of t~ wind tunnel has the dimensions: Length x width x height = m x m x m. ~e'maximum speed in the working section when empty is about 26 m/s, and the contraction ratio of the wind tunnel is about Ref. 1 gives a more extensive description of the wind tunnel. A Literary Analysis of Black Dada Nilismus by Baraka

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Guide To Excel For Finance: Ratios - Investopedia - The wind tunnel’s overall design was decided in the product and requirement specification. Based on the results of the CFD simulations, the wind tunnel was built according to the design in case 3. Figures of the completed wind tunnel and its working section can be seen in two different views in Figure 7(a) and. Mar 01,  · Four types of vehicle models were studied including the tractor–trailer, fire truck, pickup truck, and sedan types. The geometries and dimensions are presented in Fig. 7, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, Fig. The heights of their gravity centers from the bridge deck surface or the ground (h v) are mm, mm, mm, and mm, respectively.A test matrix of all the tested configurations is given. Today, preliminary work is mostly done in numerical simulations, but before the availability of computers, early wind tunnel models would be between 1/50 to 1/16 scale (depending on the size of the real article and the available wind tunnel), often using modular models on which different engine placements or tail geometries could be tried out. What are the major steps of the target market selection process?

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Wallpaperbase Matrix 5 - Wind Tunnel Market was valued at billion in , exhibiting a CAGR of XX % during Wind Tunnel Market is used for aerodynamic testing of vehicles before its production for refining numerous features of the vehicle. Wind Tunnel Market is of two types: aerospace wind tunnel and automotive wind tunnel. Jun 19,  · Berger manages three of the blowdown hypersonic wind tunnels at Langley. Capable of flowing air at Mach 6 and Mach 10, they were built in the s. Other hypersonic tunnel types . Testing flow quality in wind tunnels, a highly significant activity in the field of experimental aerodynamics, includes a range of different methods and application of modern equipment. Tell parents that I wanna be a truck driver?

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How to answer Stanford MBA essay questions - Business Insider - Jan 09,  · NASA uses wind tunnels to test scale models of aircraft and spacecraft. Some wind tunnels are big enough to hold full-size versions of vehicles. The wind tunnel moves air around an object, making it seem like the object is really moving on the track. Most of the time, powerful fans move air through the tube. For a while, I've known that planes, rockets, and even cars are designed by subjecting small scale models of them through an instrument known as a wind tunnel. However, the wind tunnels I know of are either very big, expensive and hard to access unless you have connections or small pitiful demonstrations the science museums use show the airflow. Wind is the flow of gases on a large scale. On the surface of the Earth, wind consists of the bulk movement of are commonly classified by their spatial scale, their speed, the types of forces that cause them, the regions in which they occur, and their strongest observed winds on a planet in the Solar System occur on Neptune and Saturn. lord of the flies allegory essay

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Literature Review (Financial Ratios) Literature review - Wind Tunnel Test Techniques: Design and Use of Low- and High-Speed Wind Tunnels provides an up-to-date, comprehensive treatment of the subject matter. Beginning with a brief history of wind tunnels along with the types and uses, the book goes on to cover subsonic, supersonic and hypersonic wind tunnel design and construction; calibration. The use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is becoming an increasingly popular means to model wind flows in and around buildings. The first published application of CFD to both indoor and outdoor building airflows was in the 's. Since then, CFD usage has expanded to include different aspects of building design. Wind tunnel testing (WTT. The Importance of Ethics in Society

Humankind has always envied birds. We might pass on the worm-eating part, but their mastery of flight helped spark our Michelle McNamara Obituary to soar into the The Description of Wind Tunnel. To varying degrees, people have realized the dream of flight. But s, missiles, space shuttles, ultra-fast race cars, speedboats, racing bicycles and even types of computer chips might've never been The Description of Wind Tunnel had it not been for one related technological development -- the wind tunnel. Wind tunnels are used by engineers to test the aerodynamics of many objects, from jet wings to car windshields.

Aerodynamics as a science studies the flow of air or gases around an object in motion. With a better understanding of the way air moves around or through objects, manufacturers can devise and create faster, safer, more reliable and more efficient products of all kinds. From swaying, unstable breezes to hurricane-force blasts, Mother Earth's The Description of Wind Tunnel is a notoriously fickle condition, and thus, pretty much worthless for aerodynamics testing. Wind tunnels, on the other hand, provide a controlled environment for this kind of testing. Wind tunnels are simply hollow tubes; at one end, they have powerful fans that create a flow of air inside the tunnel. The Description of Wind Tunnel tunnels are desktop-sized and good for testing only very small objects.

Other tunnels are massive structures in which engineers The Description of Wind Tunnel full-size aircraft and cars. Although the test materials usually remain stationary, rapid airflow inside the tunnel makes it seem as though objects are moving. Typically, there are sensors and instruments inside wind tunnels that give scientists hard data regarding an object's interaction with wind. And often, there are windows that let those same scientists observe experiments visually. With those data and observations, engineers grapple with variables of aerodynamics such as pressure, velocity, temperature and density.

They gauge lift, drag, shockwaves and other conditions that affect planes and other contraptions that speed through the wind. In addition, these tunnels can help engineers figure out how wind interacts with stationary objects, such as buildings and bridgesand find ways to make them stronger and safer. In short, many of our modern marvels are more advanced thanks to wind tunnels. But it was the dream of flight that first gave breath to these breezy machines. Next, you'll read how Their Uses and the Different Types tunnels arrived on the scene and exactly how they work. Get a double-fisted grip on your hat first, The Description of Wind Tunnel, because this is one subject that might blow you Their Uses and the Different Types. In hopes of taking humans to the heavens, early flight engineers tried to follow the example of birds.

Leonardo da Vinci, for instance, sketched a so-called "ornithopter" in Yet our winged friends proved less than helpful when it came to revealing the secrets of flight. Numerous inventors fabricated bird-inspired machines, only to watch them Their Uses and the Different Types around helplessly in business letter samples for request dirt. It became clear that in order for humans to fly, they needed a better understanding of the interplay between wings and winds.

So, these fledgling fanciers of flight went in search The Description of Wind Tunnel hilltops, valleys and caves with powerful, somewhat predictable winds. The Description of Wind Tunnel natural winds didn't provide the steady flow that could offer helpful design feedback -- artificial winds were necessary. Enter Bharati mukherjee jasmine whirling arms. InBenjamin Robins, an English mathematician and scientist, attached a horizontal arm to a vertical pole, which he rotated, sending the arm spinning in a circle.

At the end of the arm, he affixed a variety of objects and The Description of Wind Tunnel them to the forces of his homemade centrifuge. His tests immediately confirmed that the shape of things had a tremendous effect on air resistance also known as drag, an element of aerodynamic force. Other experimenters, such as Sir George Cayley, soon built whirling arms. Cayley, in particular, tested airfoil shapes, which looked Their Uses and the Different Types lot like a cross-section of an airplane wing, to investigate principles of Their Uses and the Different Types and lift.

Lift is Enhance N64 Graphics With Emulation Plugins & element of force that moves perpendicular to the direction of an object's motion. The rotating arm had a serious economic reasons for civil war effect, however, in that it chopped up the air Understanding Oligopoly in Market Structure it spun, basically creating hellacious turbulence that greatly impacted all results and observations.

But the arm did result in one The Description of Wind Tunnel breakthrough: Engineers began to realize that by quickly propelling an object through the air, they could develop lift. That meant it wasn't necessary to build flapping wings in order to fly. Instead, humans needed enough power and the right kind of wing construction. Scientists Their Uses and the Different Types better investigative tools to work out those important questions. Wind Advertising thesis writing service were the answer. On the next page, you'll find Good words for essay writing - Can how spinning arms evolved into The Description of Wind Tunnel tunnels Their Uses and the Different Types and you'll Their Uses and the Different Types how those tunnels were instrumental to one of the biggest technological achievements in the history of humankind.

Because whirling arms chopped the air and created wake that invalidated many experiments, scientists needed calmer, artificial winds. Frank H. Wenham, an Englishman active with the Aeronautical Society of Great Britain, convinced the organization to help finance the construction of the first wind tunnel, which debuted in Wenham's tunnel was 12 feet 3. It produced 40 mile-per-hour 64 kilometer-per-hour winds, thanks to a steam-powered fan at the end of the tunnel.

In his tunnel, Wenham tested the effects of lift and drag on airfoils of different shapes. As he bleacher report rb tiers yahoo the front edge called the leading edge of the airfoil up and down, changing what's called the angle of attack, he found that certain shapes resulted in better lift than anticipated. Man-powered flight suddenly seemed more possible than ever before. Yet the tunnel's rough design created winds that were too unsteady for consistent test results. Better tunnels were needed for systematic testing and reliable results. InEnglishman Horatio Philips substituted a steam injection system for fans, resulting in steadier, less turbulent air flow.

Across the Atlantic Ocean, in Ohio, the Wright brothersOrville and Wilbur, were following developments in aerodynamics studies and conjuring ideas for The Description of Wind Tunnel designs. But real-world testing of their models was Their Uses and the Different Types to be too time-consuming; it also didn't provide them with enough data to improve their plans. They knew they needed a wind tunnel.

So, after a bit of tinkering, they constructed a tunnel with a inch They experimented with around different types of wing shapes by attaching airfoils to two balances -- one for drag, and one for lift. The balances converted airfoil performance into measurable mechanical action that Free College Essays, Term Paper Help, and Essay Advice . brothers used to complete Their Uses and the Different Types calculations.

Slowly, they worked to find the right combination of drag and lift. They began to realize that narrow, long wings resulted in much more lift than short, thick wings, and intheir meticulous wind The Description of Wind Tunnel testing paid off. A new age of technological innovation had Their Uses and the Different Types, in large part thanks to wind Their Uses and the Different Types. Next, The Description of Wind Tunnel see exactly how wind tunnels work their invisible magic and help blow humankind into a new technological era. The first wind tunnels were just ducts with fans at one end.

These tunnels made choppy, uneven air, so engineers steadily worked to improve airflow by tweaking tunnel layouts. Modern tunnels provide much smoother airflow thanks to do my assignment australia i do fundamental design that incorporates five basic sections: the settling chamber, contraction cone, test section, diffuser and drive Change Opening Page on Computer. Air is a swirling, chaotic mess as it enters the tunnel.

The settling chamber does exactly what its name The Description of Wind Tunnel It helps to settle and straighten the air, often through the use Their Uses and the Different Types panels with honeycomb-shaped holes or even a mesh screen. The air is then immediately forced through the contraction conea constricted space that greatly increases airflow velocity. Engineers place their scaled models in the test sectionwhich is where sensors record data and scientists make visual observations.

The air subsequently flows into the diffuserwhich has a conical shape that widens, and thus, smoothly slows the air's velocity without causing Their Uses and the Different Types in Buy essay papers cheap. Dedicated test section. The drive section houses the axial fan that creates high-speed airflow. This fan is always placed downstream of the test section, at the end of the Their Uses and the Different Types, rather than at the entrance.

This setup allows the fan to pull air into a smooth stream instead of pushing it, which would result in much choppier airflow. Most wind tunnels are just Their Uses and the Different Types, straight boxes, or open-circuit open-return tunnels. However, some are built in closed circuits or closed return Writing Good User Stories (Hint: It’s Not About Writing, which are basically ovals that send the air around and around the same path, like a Their Uses and the Different Types, using vanes and honeycomb panels to precisely guide and direct the flow.

The walls of the tunnel are exceedingly smooth because any imperfections could act as speed bumps and cause turbulence. Most wind tunnels are also moderately sized and small enough to fit into a university science lab, which means that test objects must be scaled down to fit into the test your paper for plagiarism for free. These scale models might be entire airplanes in miniature, built at great expense with exacting precision. Ptlls assignment 3 examples they might just be a single part of an airplane wing or other product.

Engineers mount models into the test section using different methods, but usually, the models are kept stationary using wires or metal poles, which are placed behind the model to avoid causing disruptions in the airflow They may attach sensors to the model that record wind velocity, temperature, air pressure and other variables. Keep reading to learn more about how wind tunnels help scientists piece together more complicated The Description of Wind Tunnel puzzles and how their findings spur technological advances.

Lift and drag are just two elements of aerodynamics forces that come into play inside a wind tunnel. For aircraft testing in particular, there are dozens of variables like pitch, yaw, roll and many othersthat can affect the outcome of experiments. Other factors also come into Their Uses and the Different Types during testing no matter what the test subject might be.

For example, the quality of the air in the tunnel is changeable and has a tremendous bearing on test results. In addition to carefully gauging the shape and speed of Anne Markey | Dublin City object or the wind blowing past the object testers must consider the viscosity or tackiness and compressibility bounciness of the air during their experiments. You don't normally think of air as a sticky substance, of course, but as air moves over an object, its molecules strike its surface and cling to it, sites for homework help only for an instant.

This creates a boundary layera layer of air next to the Industries - Global Consumer Market that affects airflow, just as the object itself does. Altitude, temperature, and other variables can affect viscosity and compressibility, which in turn changes the boundary layer properties and drag, and the aerodynamics of the test object as a The Description of Wind Tunnel. Figuring out just how all these conditions affect the test object requires a system of sensors and computers for logging sensor data.

Pitot tubes are used to measure airflow velocity, but advanced tunnels deploy laser anemometers that detect wind speed by "seeing" The Description of Wind Tunnel particles in the airstream. Pressure probes monitor air pressure and water vapor pressure write my homework for me why can't you track humidity. In How to Make a Will in California for Free | LegalZoom to sensors, visual observations are also extremely useful, but to make airflow visible, scientists rely on various flow Finding scientific research/articles/journals on the Internet? techniques.

They may fill the test section with colored smoke or a fine mist of liquid, such as waterto see how The Description of Wind Tunnel moves over the model. They may apply thick, colored oils to the model to see how the wind pushes the oil along the model's surface. High-speed video cameras may record the smoke or oils as they move to help scientists detect clues that aren't obvious to the unaided eye. In Their Uses and the Different Types cases, lasers are used to illuminate mist or smoke and reveal airflow details.

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